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Monday, April 27, 2020 | History

3 edition of Land degradation and migration in a dry land region in India found in the catalog.

Land degradation and migration in a dry land region in India

Amita Shah

Land degradation and migration in a dry land region in India

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  • 16 Currently reading

Published by South Asian Network for Development and Environmental Economics in Kathmandu .
Written in English


About the Edition

Covers migration from Gujarat to other parts of India.

Edition Notes

StatementAmita Shah
SeriesSANDEE working paper -- no. 10-05
ContributionsSouth Asian Network for Development and Environmental Economics
Classifications
LC ClassificationsHB2099 (H2)+
The Physical Object
Paginationvii, 39 p. :
Number of Pages39
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL24386607M
ISBN 109993382698
LC Control Number2010327146
OCLC/WorldCa649085280

collectively known as land degradation. Land degradation leads to the reduction or loss of the biological or economic productivity and complexity of land. In drylands, land degradation is known as desertification. It is estimated that % of drylands are already degraded, with over million people. In the same week, International Organization for Migration (IOM) reported that the negative impacts of climate change and land degradation are very visible in the Horn of Africa. This region consists mainly of dry land. The presence of frequent and severe droughts in the last few years damaged the area and made large parts of land likely to.


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Land degradation and migration in a dry land region in India by Amita Shah Download PDF EPUB FB2

Request PDF | Land degradation and migration in a dry land region in India: Extent, nature and determinants | Migration literature has considered environmental constraints as one of the prime. Land Degradation. Land degradation is defined as the temporary or permanent decline in the productive capacity of the land, and the diminution of the productive potential, including its major land uses (e.g., rain-fed arable, irrigation, forests), its farming systems (e.g., smallholder subsistence), and its value as an economic resource.

Land degradation and migration in a dry land region in India: extent, nature and determinants. Author(s): Amita Shah. Author Affiliation: Gujarat Institute of Development Research, Gota, AhmedabadGujarat, India.

Author Email: [email protected] by: Jonathan Davies, in Land Restoration, Abstract. Land degradation is a global challenge that affects everybody through food insecurity and higher food prices, through climate change and environmental hazards, and through the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services.

Although there is a link between land degradation and conflict, we should be careful not to blame the victims. The book explores the myriad ways that human activity can degradation the functionality of an area of land. Typically, this area is used to grow food.

The authors point out that the subject is probably as old as history. The book also discusses non-human initiated ways that land might degrade. As by volcanic activity, for by: Land is a vital resource to humankind, like air and water.

Land degradation—the deterioration or loss of the productive capacity of the soils for present and future—is a global challenge that affects everyone through food insecurity, higher food prices, climate change, environmental hazards, and the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services.

The land use dynamics over the last four decades between s andpoint at increasing share of croplands at the expense of rangelands and wastelands, rapidly growing urbanization and a slight extension in the forest cover (Table A.1 in the Annex).

However, the analysis of more recent MODIS satellite data shows that between andthe forest cover declined all across India by Cited by: Environmental Degradation, Migration and Conflict: A case between India and Bangladesh Article (PDF Available) in Asian Affairs 4(1&2) January with 1, Reads How we measure 'reads'.

Name of Paper: Land Degradation and Migration in a Dryland Region in India: Understanding the Dynamics, by Amita Shah, SANDEE Working Paper No. 10 Abstract: Migration literature has always considered environmental constraints as one of the prime movers of populations, especially from dry regions, where water rather than land is the.

Land degradation is a process in which the value of the biophysical environment is affected by a combination of human-induced processes acting upon the land. It is viewed as any change or disturbance to the land perceived to be deleterious or undesirable. Natural hazards are excluded as a cause; however human activities can indirectly affect phenomena such as floods and bush fires.

Land degradation leads to the reduction or loss of the biological or economic productivity and complexity of land. In drylands, land degradation is known as desertification. It is estimated that % of drylands are already degraded, with over million people directly affected and about one billion people in over one hundred countries at risk.

Land degradation: the change in the provision of ecosystem goods and services Analysis of results Impact: population, poverty and land types The causes of land degradation The cost of land degradation Messages References List of Figures 1.

Capacity of the ecosystem to provide services Size: KB. An estimated billion people, or a quarter of the world’s population, depend directly on land that is being degraded.

The consequences of land degradation include reduced productivity, migration, food insecurity, damage to basic resources and ecosystems, and loss of biodiversity through changes to habitats at both species and genetic levels.

Land Degradation Causes $10 Billion Loss to South Asia Annually South Asian countries lose billions of dollars due to soil erosion and other forms of land degradation. When land is degraded there can be serious effects such as erosion, loss of soil fertility, reduced crop yields, flooding and water shortages.

1 Document title Impact of Climate Change on Land Degradation over India 3 Issue No. NCC Research Report No.1/ 4 Issue date May, 5 Security lack of food security and consequently results in migration, social conflicts and unrest.

The (Dry Sub Humid region) show increase in the ratio P/PE with significant increase for. Land degradation is the major consequences of direct interference of human activities in the natural phenomenon. Land degradation means: 1. Loss of natural fertility of soil because of loss of nutrients.

Less vegetation cover. ADVERTISEMENTS: 3. Changes in the characteristic of soil. Pollution of water resources from the contamination of. State of agriculture: Land degradation. What is land desertification. Desertification is a type of land degradation in which a relatively dry land region becomes increasingly arid, typically losing its bodies of water as well as vegetation and wildlife.

It is caused by a variety of factors, such as climate change and human activities. This book contains selected contributions from the Sixth Meeting of the International Geographical Union's Commission on Land Degradation and Desertification, held in Perth, Australia, in September Collectively, these contributions explicitly seek to understand not only the mechanisms responsible for the problem of land degradation but their social and economic implications, the means of.

Land degradation definition: refers to human practices and technologies that extract or degrade the land's resources faster than they can be replenished and thus fail to ensure the long-term sustainability of the land. Causes of land degradation. Land degradation is a process in which the value of the physical environment is affected by a.

This report assumes prominence towards forming an action plan to combating desertification since India intends to achieve neutral land degradation status by In terms of area under the threat of desertification and land degradation compared to the total area.

and land degradation are also occurring. The condition of the soil is one of the best indicators of land degradation. The soil integrates a variety of important processes involving vegetation growth, overland flow of water, infiltration, land use and land management.

Soil degradation is, in itself, an indicator of land degradation. But, in the File Size: KB. Under the UNCCD "land degradation" means reduction or loss, in arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas, of the biological or economic productivity and complexity of rainfed cropland, irrigated cropland, or range, pasture, forest and woodlands resulting from land uses or from a process or combination of processes, including processes arising.

Land degradation which is caused by multiple forces—extreme weather conditions and anthropogenic activities that pollute or degrade the quality of soils and land utility—negatively affects food production, livelihoods, and the provision of other ecosystem goods and services.

Land degradation can also lead to climate change and affect human health. The problem is more Cited by: 1. UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS LAND USE, LAND COVER AND SOIL SCIENCES – Vol.

III - Human-Induced Land Degradation – Donald Gabriels, Wim M. Cornelis ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) Desertification is generally viewed as an advanced stage of land degradation mainly occurring in the arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas of the Size: KB.

UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT – Vol. I - Land Degradation and Desertification: History, Nature, Causes, Consequences, and Solutions - Conacher, Arthur ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) above.

Thus, Arthur and Jeanette Conacher defined land degradation as ‘alterations to all aspects of the biophysical environment by human File Size: KB.

The land degradation – climate change – migration nexus. Land degradation is a global concern with far-reaching implications ultimately affecting the ability of land to provide food and income for people. Globally, a large portion of the vulnerable human populations the.

One of the consequences of desertification and land degradation is migration. At the same time, there is a trapped population — people not in a position to migrate during environmental stress, according to a report tabled at the ongoing 14the Conference of Parties to the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD).

Land degradation can be defined in several ways depending upon the subject that needs to be emphasized. A general definition of land degradation is presented by Wasson () as: "Land degradation is a change to land that makes it less useful for human beings".

A more specific definition states that "land degradation is. compute the land degradation and anthropogenic factors of land degradation. Multiple linear regressions was deployed for this work in order to know the relationship between the anthropogenic factors of land degradation on Crop Productivity of rural households.A key finding of this study is that the.

Land Degradation As the land use section earlier in this chapter shows, demands on the land for economic development and pressures from a burgeoning population are leading to unprecedented land use change. In turn, unsustainable land use is driving land degradation. The result is a loss of land productivity with impacts on livelihoods and the.

Shah, A. Land degradation and migration in a dry land region in India: Extent, nature, Pattnaik I., Kumar A. () Changing Scenario of Migration and Poverty in India: Reflections and Issues. In: Mehta A., Bhide S., Kumar A., Shah A. (eds) Poverty, Chronic Poverty and Poverty Dynamics.

Buy this book on publisher's site Author: Amita Shah, Itishree Pattnaik, Animesh Kumar. Causes and Impacts of Land Degradation and Desertification: Case Study of the Sudan.

Desertification. Desertification has been defined as land degradation in arid, semi-arid, and dry sub-humid areas resulting from various factors, including climatic variations and human activities[11].

Another definition of desertification is the. Land degradation in drylands: Interactions among hydrologic–aeolian erosion and vegetation dynamics Sujith Ravia,⁎, David D. Breshearsa,b,c, Travis E.

Huxmana,c, Paolo D'Odoricod a B2 Earthscience & UA Biosphere 2, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZUSA b School of Natural Resources and the Environment, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZUSA. Processwise land degradation area in the country is given in Figure 7.

Water erosion (% of TGA), vege-tal degradation (% of TGA) and wind erosion (% of TGA) are the major land degradation processes in the country.

Statewise distribution of area under land degradation is given in Table 2. Rajasthan has the largest area (%File Size: 1MB. Land degradation is a global problem that particularly impacts the poor rural inhabitants of low and middle-income countries. We improve upon existing literature by estimating the extent of rural populations in and globally on degrading and improving agricultural land, taking into account the role of market access, and analyzing the resulting impacts on poverty.

Land degradation involves change in the properties of land and soil (texture, color, grain size) and its functions (water holding capacity, infiltration, supporting plant life). More often than not, the changes are negative.

Land degradation causes land and. The degradation of land, a blanket term for all natural resources contributing to agricultural production, is a serious socioeconomic and environmental problem in Central Asia. It adversely affects, among other things, food production and biodiversity.

During its Soviet days, the region saw this process accelerate. Land degradation in India is a major concern by the ecologists and environmentalists as more and more of cultivable land is being converted into deserted mass.

This degradation has increased at a rapid pace by the human induced or natural process. Land Degradation in India Extent, Costs and Determinants In several regions of India, especially the arid and semi-arid regions, environmental degradation is nearing irreversible levels even as replacement costs continue to rise.

Land degradation occurs mainly in. and depleting ground water table contributes to low crop yields and further leading to land degradation.

In order to ensure long term sustainability for dry land agriculture in India, various components are to be taken into consideration like socio-economic resources, integrated water shed development,File Size: KB. Desertification and Land Degradation Atlas of India has reported that total area under land degradation in India is million ha ( per cent) and total area under desertication is million ha ( per cent) (Space Application Centre ).

Answer: strip farming. crop rotation. ridge and furrow formation. construction of dams. contour farming. Explanation: these are the some of the measures taken to control the land degradation in different regions in India.1.

The Asian and Pacific region bear severe consequences of land degradation and desertification1, with more and more land each year increasingly showing its effects. Clearly, the associated financial and human welfare consequences are a major concern. 2.

Asia and the Pacific is a region of rapidly changing economies and societies. For.